在MATLAB中使用线性混合效应模型（fitlme）计算对比度的标准误差 ; 13. tf.nn.moments如何计算方差？ 14. 计算MSE（均方误差） 15. 如何使用scipy.optimize.least_squares计算标准偏差错误 ; 16. 如何手动计算R logistic回归标准误差值？ 17. 如何计算两个值的差值，包括R中的标准 ... Data processing and statistical analysis were carried out using Matlab and the gramm [34] toolbox for plotting. In experiment 1, averaged staircase inversion points were analyzed using LMEs (fitlme function in Matlab). R = residuals(lme,Name,Value) returns the residuals from the linear mixed-effects model lme with additional options specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments.. For example, you can specify Pearson or standardized residuals, or residuals with contributions from only fixed effects. fitlme constructs this from the expression fixed in formula. Z is an R-by-1 cell array with Z{r} being an n-by-q(r) random-effects design matrix constructed from the rth expression in random in formula, r = 1, 2, ..., R. G is an R-by-1 cell array with G{r} being an n-by-1 grouping variable, g r, in formula with M(r) levels or groups.